The name "kombucha" has been known to many since childhood. The popularity of this mushroom in the eighties and nineties of the last century was enormous not only in our country, but all over the world. It is not for nothing that many popular names have stuck behind this strange living product: Japanese mushroom, tea kvass, jellyfish, tea jellyfish. In the United States, kombucha was called kombucha, in Spain and France, hongo. In Japan it is called "kotya-kinoko", which is translated as "kombucha".
Medusomycete is a product of yeast and acetobacteria. China is considered the birthplace of this mushroom, since the first information about it appeared in Chinese writings as early as the third century BC. Tea kvass gained worldwide popularity in the twentieth century. He came to Russia after the war with Japan.
The tea jellyfish looks very much like a real sea jellyfish. Once in any container, kombucha grows over the entire surface of the nutrient medium, which is tea. When grown commercially, this mushroom can reach enormous sizes and weigh up to 100 kg.
- Mechanism of action
- Chemical composition
- Beneficial features
- Harmful properties
- Application in traditional medicine
- Slimming benefits
- External use
- How to grow
- How to drink
The fungus begins to grow as a result of the multiplication of yeasts and acetic acid fermentation of the nutrient medium. Medusomycete microorganisms use the molecules of caffeine and tea tannins to build their skeleton, which consists mainly of cellulose.
Yeast, in the course of its life, breaks down carbohydrates to carbon dioxide, and the acetic acid bacteria present in the environment convert ethanol into acetic acid. As a result of these chemical transformations, a slightly carbonated drink with a sweet and sour taste is obtained - tea kvass.
The origin, growth and development of Kombucha is largely determined by the type of tea used. The chemical composition of the resulting tea drink will also depend on this. So, the drink obtained when using black tea as a nutrient medium will contain more tannins, and green tea - vitamins and caffeine. In addition, green tea kvass will have more purine bases.
The drink obtained as a result of fermentation of tea infusion contains:
- carbohydrates (sucrose, fructose, glucose, cellulose);
- organic acids (acetic, lactic, citric, oxalic, glucuronic, phosphoric, kojic, malic, pyruvic);
- enzymes (amylase, lipase, protease, carbonic anhydrase, catalase);
- lipids (fatty acids, sterols, phospholipids);
- proteins and purine bases;
- pigments (chlorophyll, xanthophyll);
- alcohols and aldehydes;
|Name||Content in 100 ml of drink, milligrams|
|Provitamin A (beta-carotene)||0.04-0.12|
|Vitamin B1 (thiamin)||0.1|
|Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)||0.15-0.3|
|Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)||0.1|
|Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin)||0.005|
|Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid)||1.0|
|Vitamin D (as ergocalciferol)||0.05|
The consumption of only 100 ml of tea kvass is able to provide the human body with a daily intake of vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) and vitamin D (ergocalciferol).
The richest composition of kvass from jellyfish provides a huge range of properties useful for the human body, which it exhibits when consumed internally and externally.
For the digestive system
The tea drink stimulates the production of digestive juices, thereby promoting digestion. The enzymes contained in it reduce the load on the digestive glands (salivary, stomach, pancreas, liver).
The vitamin composition of tea kvass inhibits the growth of pathogenic intestinal microorganisms and maintains normal intestinal microflora. Due to the high concentration of B vitamins, Japanese mushroom kvass increases immunity and body resistance.
Regular consumption of this infusion in food reduces inflammatory reactions in the organs of the digestive tract. Fiber and other polysaccharides of the drink prevent the absorption of cholesterol from the intestines, absorb and remove toxic substances and toxins from the body, prevent intestinal bloating and normalize stools.
For the condition of the heart and blood vessels
When taken regularly as a remedy, tea kvass normalizes the heart rate, reduces the heart rate, lowers blood pressure, tones the walls of venous vessels and has an anti-inflammatory effect.
Its components help to reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the blood. Due to its anticoagulant effect, the drink improves microcirculation in tissues.
For the general condition of the body
The tea drink normalizes metabolism in the body, which has a beneficial effect on the general condition of a person, increases his vitality and improves mood. Drinking the drink warm at night has a calming and hypnotic effect.
Contributing to hematopoietic functions, kvass from medusomycete increases the amount of hemoglobin in the blood and immunity. Taking the tea drink internally has powerful antioxidant and detoxifying effects on the human body. Literary sources contain information about the anticancer properties of this kvass.
External remedies based on this drink improve the condition of the skin and its appendages (hair, nails), relieve inflammation, and reduce allergic dermatological reactions.
The active substances that are contained in this drink in large quantities, in some diseases and conditions, can also exhibit harmful properties.
In order not to aggravate the patient's condition, the use of tea kvass is contraindicated in inflammatory diseases of internal organs in the acute phase.
Having a high acidity, the infusion of medusomycete is contraindicated for use in gastritis with high acidity, stomach and duodenal ulcers in the acute stage.
The drink is contraindicated for gout and urolithiasis, since it contains oxalic acid and purine bases.
Do not drink infusion of Japanese mushroom before work, which requires a quick reaction and concentration of attention, for example, driving a car, driving conveyors and conveyors.
The sugar compounds in the drink increase the concentration of glucose in the blood, so its use is not recommended for diabetics.
The active compounds of kvass can interact with the active substances of various medications, therefore, its use is prohibited simultaneously with analgesics, antipyretic, sedative, hypnotics, tranquilizers, antacids. Anticoagulants and antiplatelet agents.
Contraindications to the use of this drink are reduced blood clotting (deficiencies of coagulation factors, thrombocytopenia, pancytopenia).
The acids of the tea drink are easily oxidized and can react with the dishes in which it is infused, so the Japanese mushroom cannot be grown in ceramic, metal or earthenware dishes.
Tea kvass, due to the content of alcohols and aldehydes, is contraindicated in childhood, pregnancy and breastfeeding.
Drinking the drink is prohibited in case of individual intolerance and allergies.
The many beneficial properties of the drink based on the Japanese mushroom allow traditional healers to successfully use it in the treatment of various chronic diseases:
- ENT organs and upper respiratory tract (bronchitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, otitis media);
- digestive organs (gastritis with low acidity, pancreatitis, bile congestion, constipation, dysbiosis);
- organs of the excretory system (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, cystitis);
- various forms of tuberculosis;
- iron, folate and B12-deficiency anemias;
- emaciated states.
The influence of the components of the drink on the vascular tone and heart rate makes it possible to use it for atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, arrhythmias, transient disorders of cerebral circulation, multiple sclerosis, senile dementia, migraines. The anticoagulant effect of kvass is useful for thrombophilia, varicose veins, thrombophlebitis.
Traditional healers recommend a tea drink for use in the early stages of cancer. It improves the well-being of cancer patients after chemotherapy or radiation treatment.
It is recommended that the jellyfish drink be introduced into the diet of people who are struggling with overweight. The substances contained in it improve the breakdown and absorption of nutrients, which normalizes the digestion process and heals the intestinal biocenosis. Fiber and other kvass polysaccharides prevent the appearance of constipation, which often accompanies the process of losing weight.
In order for the Japanese mushroom to contribute to weight loss, the infusion on it must be taken, adhering to certain rules:
With the correct use of tea kvass in one month, you can get rid of 7 kg of weight.
The use of a drink made from Japanese tea as a remedy for external use is indicated for inflammatory diseases of the eyelids (conjunctivitis, barley on the eyelid), skin (dermatitis, furunculosis), burns, purulent wounds, trophic ulcers, varicose veins. Tampons dipped in tea kvass are used for hemorrhoids. The drink's organic acids soften dry calluses and relieve pain in heel spurs.
The application of compresses with kombucha infusion is indicated for mastitis, subcutaneous abscesses, bruises, arthritis, insect bites. Tea kvass is also often used in cosmetology for the manufacture of lotions, tonics, masks, balms for problem skin of the face, hair, and nails.
Kombucha bacteria are aerobic, meaning they cannot live without oxygen. Therefore, in the process of growing jellyfish it is very important that the infusion has constant access to air. The process of growing kombucha looks like this:
At first, the jellyfish will lie at the bottom of the jar, but as it grows and ripens, it will rise to the surface. The drink can be consumed no earlier than after 7 days. Until then, it contains a lot of sugar. Overexposing the infusion for more than 10 days is also not worth it, since acetic acid will progressively accumulate in it.
After draining the kvass into the jar with the mushroom, it is necessary to add freshly made tea. A new layer will appear in the jellyfish weekly or every two weeks. Layers can be separated: this is how it reproduces.
If in the process of growing the jellyfish sank to the bottom, it needs to be treated. To do this, take it out of the container, while the old infusion is drained, and the jar is thoroughly washed. The body of the mushroom is examined. The dark layers are separated and discarded. The remaining jellyfish is dried and then dipped in a freshly prepared tea infusion at room temperature. If after a few days she did not rise to the surface, this means that she died. It is strictly forbidden to consume tea kvass obtained by insisting on a dead mushroom.
If the drink is planned to be made for regular use, then it is better to prepare two glass containers at once: in one the mushroom will grow and the drink will ripen, and the finished tea kvass will be stored in the other.
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For medicinal purposes, it is necessary to take the drink warm (but not hot) half an hour before a meal or 2 hours after it. The volume of the drink consumed per day is about 0.5 liters, which must be divided into three doses. The course of treatment is 1.5-2 months with a further monthly break.
The tea drink can be combined with other folk remedies (with decoctions or infusions of medicinal herbs, bee products, with mummy).
The drink should be slightly carbonated and sour. The appearance of a sharp sour taste, alcohol or vinegar smell indicates that the fermentation process has been disrupted. You cannot drink such a spoiled drink.
Kombucha (jellyfish, Japanese mushroom) is a popular remedy in folk medicine. In addition to good taste, the drink infused with jellyfish has many useful properties. Admirers of traditional medicine recommend drinking tea kvass for diseases of the digestive tract, circulatory system, kidneys and urinary tract. Its use is also useful for metabolic disorders, for improving the composition of the blood, increasing the tone of the body.
The Japanese mushroom promotes weight loss, allowing, subject to all conditions, to lose up to 7 kg of excess weight per month. On the basis of this drink, various means for external use are made for diseases of the skin, subcutaneous tissue, joints. In cosmetology, it is used to prepare cosmetics to improve the condition of the skin, hair, nails. For the Japanese mushroom drink to be of maximum benefit, it must be grown properly. With proper care, tea kvass will be a useful and effective healing drink for all family members.
Some of the components that make up the tea drink are harmful for certain diseases and conditions, which must be taken into account before using it.